English

Title: Behavior Art School (Cátedra Arte de Conducta)

Conception year: 1998

Founder and Director: Tania Bruguera

Implementation years: 2002-2009

Medium: Behavior Art (Arte de Conducta), Useful Art (Arte Útil)

Duration: Long-term project

Location: Havana, Cuba

Materials: Configuration of an Institution, Education Formats, Public Gathering, Study of the Relationship Between the Performative Arts and Politics and its implementation in Society.

Cátedra Arte de Conducta (Behavior Art Department - 2002-2009) emerged like a piece of public art intended to create a space of alternative training to the system of art studies in contemporary Cuban society. It is a Long Term Intervention focused in the discussion and analysis of sociopolitical behavior and the understanding of art as an instrument for the transformation of ideology through the activation of civic action on its environment. It was created as a space for the practice of Arte de Conducta1  (Behavior Art). Actions aimed to transform some spaces in society through art, transcending symbolic representation or metaphor and meeting with their activity some deficits in reality, in life through Arte Útil2 (Useful Art) , are prioritized. This site and political-timing specific3 piece is displayed t hrough the creation of a pedagogical model that makes up for the lack of civic discussion spaces on the function of art in present Cuban society and promotes new generations of artists and intellectuals. This work offers a political discourse stemming from art and promotes the exploration of relationships between art and context.

 

Members of the project come from various fields - architecture, theater, writing, engineering, set design, music, cinema, sociology, visual arts, history of art and even self-taught artists. All the activities of the Catedra Arte de Conducta are free of charge and open to every type of audience interested in participating. All workshops last for a week and, just like the members of the project, guest professors come from various areas of social life: lawyers, architects, visual artists, art dealers, curators, writers, scientists, dancers, former convicts, theater directors, scriptwriters, actors, anthropologists, mathematicians and so on. Because of the scarce access to sources of information in Cuba, the Cátedra Arte de Conducta took the first steps for the creation of a specialized archive in international contemporary art, giving special importance to performance and social issues, through subscriptions to magazines on art and contemporary sociology and buying books on theory of culture and art history. The project favored exchange among schools in various countries, art projects and international residences, as well as with important figures or Cuban art and criticism of various generations, thus establishing an interaction with diverse systems of thought. Members of the project manage a flow of information allowing them to understand and choose their position vis-à-vis art and society.

 

The Department had established to hold thematic exhibitions, generally having to do with the national sociopolitical context, that would be held every six months. Its members made pieces participating in events organized by guest curators. After six years of continuous exercise, these creative and critical experiences have given rise to one of the most experimental and radical guidelines in present Cuban art production.

 

Cátedra Arte de Conducta is the first work of art and, at the same time, the first institution focusing in creating a curriculum of Behavior Art and of Political Art. Thus it has become a model for educational projects of a social and artistic nature and for artistic projects focused in offering educational activities.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1, 2, & 3 See Glossary Tab

 

 

2003

Performance in Reverse

Exchange between San Francisco Art Institute and Cátedra Arte de Conducta (Behavior Art School). The ruins of the Circus School of the Instituto Superior de Arte (ISA), Havana, Cuba. Curated by Tania Bruguera and Tony Labatt.


 

 

Paladar

First exhibition at Cátedra Arte de Conducta’s headquarters. Tejadillo 214, home of Tania Bruguera, Havana, Cuba. Curated by Tania Bruguera.


 


Exposición de sonido (Sound Exhibition)

Exhibition Cátedra Arte de Conducta. Center for the Development of the Visual Arts (Centro de Desarrollo de las Artes Visuales), CDAV, Havana, Cuba. Curated by Tania Bruguera.

 

 

Lighting

Collective action and exhibition Cátedra Arte de Conducta. Pabellón Cuba, Eighth Havana Biennial, Havana, Cuba. 2003. Curated by RAIN and Eugenio Valdés Figueroa.

 

 

2004


Centrífuga

Exhibition Cátedra Arte de Conducta. Center for the Development of the Visual Arts (Centro de Desarrollo de las Artes Visuales), CDAV, Havana, Cuba. Curated by Tania Bruguera, Magaly Espinosa and Eugenio Valdés.

 

 

Tercera Jornada de Performance de Cienfuegos-Cayo Carenas

Performances Cátedra Arte de Conducta. Third Conference on Performance of Cienfuegos, Cienfuegos, Cuba.

 

 

2005

Hueco

Hueco exhibition did not materialize as an event, although some individual projects were made and shown at later exhibitions. El Hueco, precarious population settlement located in the Havana municipality of La Lisa, was chosen by the participants and guest curator, Yuneikys Villalonga.

 

 

2006

Parallel to IX Bienal de La Habana

Public presentation of the work of the participants of Cátedra Arte de Conducta at Tejadillo 214, project’s headquarters during the IX Havana Biennial, Havana, Cuba. Organized by Tania Bruguera.

 

 

 

Rescribible

Exhibition–Public presentation Cátedra Arte de Conducta. Tejadillo 214. Curated by Luis Gárciga.

 

 

Salón Provincial “Oscar Morera”

Presentación Cátedra Arte de Conducta. Sal&oacu te;n Provincial “Oscar Morera”, Sancti Spíritus, Cuba.

 

 

2007

INTERMEDIAE-Minbak

Exchange Cátedra Arte de Conducta, ARCO 07, Madrid, Spain. Curated by Suset Sánchez.

 

 

Ni a favor ni en contra, todo lo contrario

Exhibition Cátedra Arte de Conducta. School for Arts and Letters, University of Havana, Havana, Cuba. Curated by Mailyn Machado.

 

 

Masa crítica

Exhibition Cátedra Arte de Conducta. Center for the Development of the Visual Arts (Centro de Desarrollo de las Artes Visuales), CDAV, Havana, Cuba. Curated by Sandra Sosa.

 

 

2008


USB

Exhibition. Cátedra Arte de Conducta. Park of the G Street and 23 Street, Havana, Cuba. Curated by Rosa Hermida.

 

 


Le Fresnoy/Habana Remix

Exhibition Cátedra Arte de Conducta. National Museum of Fine Arts. Havana, Cuba. Curated by Mailyn Machado.

 

 

Defensa eslava

Exhibition Cátedra Arte de Conducta. Mall "Carlos III", Havana, Cuba. Curated by Frency Fernández.

 

 

Bomba Lógica

Exhibition Cátedra Arte de Conducta. Seventh Biennial of Gwangju, South Korea. Curated by Okwui Enwezor.

 

 

Esto no es lo que parece

Exhibition Cátedra Arte de Conducta. University Student House. Havana, Cuba. Curated by Darys Vasquez.

 

 

2009

Estado de excepción

Exhibition Cátedra Arte de Conducta. Galería Habana,Tenth Havana Biennial, Havana Cuba. Curated by Tania Bruguera and Mailyn Machado.

 

 

Per Diem

Residency-Exhibition Cátedra Arte de Conducta. in Bétonsalon Centred'art et de recherche, Paris, France. Curated by Melanie Bouteloup and Tania Bruguera.

 

 

2010

Touched

Exhibition Cátedra Arte de Conducta. Tenth International Biennial of Liverpool, Liverpool, England. Curated by Lorenzo Fusi.



 

 

(By alphabetical order)

Alumni works     

    Guests 

 

                                 

Amat, Rosa Elena                    

Year: 2009 
Medium: Installation  
Materials: Table, tablecloth,  
Bithday Cake, refreshment
Medium: Performance
photos. 
@Rosa Elena Amat 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Amaya, Analía /

Díaz, Humberto

Title:Calentamiento (Warm-up)

Year: 2007
Medium: Video
@Analía Amaya/Humberto Díaz

 

 

 

 

Bonachea, James

Title: Orden Público (Public Order)

Year:  2010

Medium: Intervention in public
Space at Liverpool's Anglican
Cathedral.
Materials:Lights of sirens used in 
British police patrols. 
@James Bonachea

 

 

 

 

Delahante, Susana Pilar

Title:El escándalo de lo Real

(The Scandal of the Real)

Year:  2006-2007

Medium: Artificial Manipulation
Materials: Semen, Insemination
@Susana Pilar Delahante

 

 

 

 

 

García, Fidel (T10)

Title: Auto Organization
Year: 2008
Medium: Installation
Materials: Ideological Information

of North Corea and South Corea,

Cultive of 2000 Worms, two PCs,

Organic Matter,two Radio receiver

cards, Electrical Circuits, Scaffolds

@Fidel García

 

 

 

 

García, Fidel (T10)
Title: State
Year: 2006
Medium: Installation
Materials: Software (virus) STATE,

three Laptop and Monitor LCD,

Router, Internet, Modular structures

@Fidel García

 

 

 

 

Güell, Nuria

Title:Aportación de agentes del orden

(Police Officers Contribution)

Year:  2009, Havana

Medium: Action

Experience: material of espionage
exhibition of documentation of the work:
Blackboard with documentation
@Nuria Güell

 

 

 

 

Güell, Nuria

Title:Acceso a lo denegado

(Access to what is denied)

Year: 2008, Havana

Medium: Public Service
Experience: Internet service,
Etecsa contracts, information
exchange, the town crier,
advertising, computers
@Nuria Güell

 

 

 

 

 

Márquez, Marcel

Title:Pinkgun -Vol.2 (+Turbo)

Year: 2008

Medium: Performance
Materials:Video, House Music,
audience, Djs, disco.
@Marcel Márquez

 

 

 

 

Martiel, Carlos

Title:Sabiduría (Wisdom)

Year: 2007
Medium: Performance
©Photo:Rolando Vázquez
@Carlos Martiel

 

 

 

 

Martiel, Carlos

Title:Integración (Integration)

Year:  2009
Medium: Performance
©Photo: Francisco Mazo
@Carlos Martiel

 

 

 

 

Matute, Andrés

Title:Cebra de cal (zebra's lime)

Year:  2009
Medium: Intervention in public Space
at Fifth Ave. Havana.
Materials: Video, Cardboard template,
powdered lime. 
@Andrés Matute

 

 

 

 

Olema, Ana

Year:  2009
Medium: Performance
@Ana Olema

 

 

 

 

 

Orta, Levi

Title:Bajo la piel (Skin Deep)
Year:  2008
Medium: Performance,
Multimedia
@Levi Orta

 

 

 

 

Orta, Levi

Title: Modelos (Models)
Year:  2007
Medium: Video
Materials: Video Color
DVCAM, PAL, 16:9,
Stereo Sound,
02:27 min.
@Levi Orta

 

 

 

 

Orta, Levi
Title: Trinchera (Trench)
Year:  2007
Medium: Video
Materials: Video Color,
DVCAM, PAL,  16:9,
Stereo Sound,
04:11 min.
@Levi Orta

 

 

 

 

Romagoza, Yali

Title: Normal is Good

(Tuxedo Sonorous.
Tribute to Laurie Anderson)
Year:  2009
Medium: Art Fashion
Materials: Models
@Yali Romagoza

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Arrechea, Alexandre

Guest 2006

 

 

 

 

Bishop, Claire

Guest 2007

 

 

 

 

 

Bourriaud, Nicolas

Guest 2007

 

 

 

 

 

Bruguera, Tania

Guest from 2003 - 2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

Büchel, Christoph

Guest 2008 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Castro, Elvia Rosa

Guest 2004 and 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Chang, Patty

Guest 2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Díaz, Humberto

Guest 2004 and 2005

 

 

 

 

 

 

Dubois, David

Guest 2007

 

 

 

 

 

Emlgreen, Michael

& Dragset, Ingar

Guests 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

García, Dora

Guest 2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hernández, Abdel

Guest 2006

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hirschhorn, Thomas

Guest 2007

 

 

 

 

 

Hoffman, Jeff

Guest 2006

 

 

 

 

 

López, Aníbal  

Guest 2007

 

 

 

 

 

Paci, Adrian

Guest 2007

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sala, Anri

Guest 2005

 

 

 

 

 

Tiravanija, Rirkrit

Guest 2008

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


ALUMNI

(By alphabetical order)

 

1.   Yunior Aguiar 

2.   Dayanira Alberdi 

3.   Rosa Elena Amat 

4.   Analía Amaya

5.   Luis Amigo 

6.   Glauber Ballestero

7.   Damián Bandín 

8.   La Vaughn Belle 

9.   Jimmy Bonachea

10.  Leandro Bonachea

11.  Marta María Borrás 

12.  Yorjander Capetillo 

13.  Yaima Carrazana 

14.  Raychel Carrión

15.  Luis Casas 

16.  Javier Castro 

17.  Jeanette Chavez

18.  Susana Pilar Delahante 

19.  Yohana Depestre

20.  Ernesto Domecq 

21.  Humberto Díaz

22.  Ernesto Gallardo

23.  Maikel Galindo

24.  Luis Gárciga 

25.  Omar Gómez 

 

 

26.  Celia González 

27.  Núria Güell  

28.  Onaidy Gutiérrez 

29.  Ana Olema Hernández

30.  Jesús Hernández Güero 

31.  Ayleé Ibáñez 

32.  Jesús Jacomino 

33.  Hamlet Lavastida

34.  Reynier Leyva Novo 

35.  Carlos González (MAKINAH)

36.  Yorky Mencía (MAKINAH)

37.  René Pedroso (MAKINAH)

38.  Jean Pérez

39.  Marcel Márquez (Vjs)

40.  Carlos Martiel 

41.  Patricia Martínez

     Chiroles

42.  Nancy Martínez

43.  Francisco Masó 

44.  Andrés Matute

45.  Yanahara Mauri 

46.  Ricardo Miguel

47.  Adrián Melis 

48.  Mauricio Miranda 

49.  Osdany Morales 

 

50.  Daleysi Moya 

51.  Miguel Moya

52.  Frank Mujika

53.  Ariel Orozco

54.  Yuri Obregón 

55.  Levi Orta

56.  Amaury Pacheco (OMNI)

57.  Dinorah Pérez

58.  Wilfredo Prieto

59.  Renier Quer 

60.  Lisandra Ramírez 

61.  Yimit Ramírez 

62.  Grethell Rasúa 

63.  Yosuán Remolina 

64.  Yalí Romagoza 

65.  Ana María Socarrás 

66.  José Antonio Tamayo

67.  Fidel García (T10

     -Territorio Transfuncional-)

68.  Alejandro Ulloa

69.  Maibet Valdés 

70.  Sergio Valdés 

71.  Reinier Valdés  

 


 

GUESTS

(By year and alphabetical order)

2003

1. Arturo

  Arango

2. Marianela

   Boán

3. Tania

   Bruguera

4. Nao

   Busta-

   mante

5. Stan

   Douglas

6. Magaly

   Espinosa

7. Carlos

   Garaicoa 

8. Tony

   Labat

9. Mike

   Osterout

10.Larry

   Rinder

11.Eugenio

   Valdés

12.Hans

   Winkler

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


   

2004

1. Arturo

   Arango

2. Gustavo

   Arcos

3. La Vaughn

   Belle

4. Tania

   Bruguera

5. Elvia Rosa

   Castro

6. Humberto

   Díaz

7. Stan

   Douglas

8. Colectivo:

   El Perro

9. Magaly

   Espinosa

10.Aleš

   Erjavec

11.Mailyn

   Machado

12.Corina

   Matamoros

13.Jeff 

   McMahon

14.Adrián

   Monzón

15.Gerardo

   Mosquera

16.Fernando

   Sáez

17.Suset

   Sánchez

18.Eugenio

   Valdés F.

19.Humberto

   Vélez

20.Cristina

   Vives      

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

2005

1. Gustavo

   Arcos

2. Yana Elsa

   Brugal

3. Tania

   Bruguera

4. Humberto

   Díaz

5. Thierry de

   Duve

6. Irmgard

   Emmelhainz

7. Magaly

   Espinosa

8. Jacob

   Fabricius

9. Frency

   Fernández

10.Orlando

   Hernández

11.Nelson

   Herrera

   Ysla

12.Danny

   Hoch

13.Rogelio

   López

   Cuenca

14.Mario

   Masvidal

15.Dannys

   Montes

   de Oca

16.Laura de

   la Mora

17.Laura

   Nevares

   Hernández

     RAIN

19.Siggi

   Hofer,

20.Susi

   Jirkuff,

21.Lisa

   Schmidt

22.Alex

  Schmoeger

  and

23.Florian

   Zeyfang)

24.Yordanka

   Ramírez

   Pastor

25.Anne

   Rikke

   Luther

;MsoNormal">26.Fernando

   Sáez

27.Anri

   Sala

28.Ezequiel

   Suárez

29.Jacqueline

   Venet

30.Yuneikys

   Villalonga

31.Cristina

   Vives 

   

2006

1. Jennifer

   Allora

2. Arturo

   Arango

3. Alexandre

   Arrechea

4. Tania

   Bruguera

5. Elvia Rosa

   Castro

6. Dj Rasiel

7. Dj Capitán

9. Michael

   Emlgreen

10.Ingar

   Dragset

11.Magaly

   Espinosa

12.Jorge

   Estrada

13.Luis

   Gárciga

14.Abdel

   Hernández

15.Jens

   Hoffmann

16.Mailyn

   Machado

17.Mario

   Masvidal

18.Aldo

   Menéndez

19.Antoni

   Muntadas

20.Santiago

   Olmos

21.Martha

   Perera

22.Manfred

   Pfister

23.Cecilia

   Vaisman

24.Jacqueline

   Venet

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

   

2007

1. Alessio

   Antoniolli

2. Bill

   Ayers

3. Daniel

   Bejerano

4. Claire

   Bishop

5. Nicolas

   Bourriaud

6. Tania

   Bruguera

7. Patty

   Chang

8. Lucrezia

   Cippitelli

9. Raúl

   Cordero

10.Bernardine

   Dohrn

11.Christoph

   Draeger

12.David

   Dubois

13.Magaly

   Espinosa

14.Borís

   Groys

15.Erla    

Haraldsdottir

16.Ana Rosa

   Hermida

17.Thomas

   Hirschhorn

18.Rogelio

   López 

19.Aníbal

   López

20.Mailyn

   Machado

21.Edoardo

   Malagigi

22.Mario

   Masvidal

23.Lázara

   Menéndez

24.W.T.J.

   Mitchell

25.Janice

   Mitsurell 

26.Alexander

   Nicolic

27.Adrian

   Paci

28.Pablo

   Rodríguez

29.Lázaro

   Saavedra

30.Suset

   Sánchez

31.Sandra

   Sosa

32.Sislej

   Xhafa  

 

 

 

 

   

2008

1. Gustavo

   Arcos

2. Christine

   van Assche

3. Tania

   Bruguera

4. Christoph

   Büchel

5. Miguel

   Calderón

6. Guillaume

   Desanges

7. Humberto

   Díaz

8. Magaly

   Espinosa

9. Lillebit

   Fadraga

10.Frency

   Fernández

11.Hamlet

   Fernández

12.Dora

   García

13.Rocío

   Gracía

   Ipiña

14.Ana Rosa

   Hermida

15.Mailyn

   Machado

16.Colectivo

   MATRAKA (vjs)

17.Lázara

   Menéndez

18.Píter

   Ortega

19.Dan

   Perjosvchi

20.Yordanka

   Ramírez

21.Fernando

   Sáez

22.Fernando

   Sánchez

   Castillo

23.Christian

   Schwarzwald

24.Rirkrit

   Tiravanija

25.Darys

   Vázquez

26.Jacqueline

   Venet

27.Artur

   Zmijewski   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Reference

 

Behavior
 School
In Cuba, institutions which intend to reform or rehabilitate minors with social conduct problems, that is, disability to respect and obey the norms and rules established by the social system.

 

 

The following concepts were generated by the artist to define her practice


Arte de
 Conducta [Behavior Art]

It is expressed in the use of social behavior (the language through which society communicates) taken by art as its work material for public and social art. Behavior Art has its roots in conceptual art and performance, but instead of focusing on the limits of language and the physical body it works with the reaction and behavior created in those who witness the work and participate in it, thus giving rise to a process where the audience transforms into citizenship. Just as behavior enters into social life from one generation to another through memory based on experiences, oral tradition or rumors, the documentation of Behavior Art pieces, although using the traditional means of documentation, tries to incorporate to collective memory as a form of long term social permanence and dialogue. Social beings are aware of symbolic meanings, also the result of experience, expressing through behavior and the exercise modeling its meanings to transform praxis. That is why Behavior Art focuses on the civil aspect of society.


Behavior Art
 is not concerned by forms. It uses behavior as a linguistic tool and cancels aesthetic purposes not stemming from a relationship with ethics. It is interested in the possibility of functioning and not of showing off. It moves away from the allegoric representations of the piece and tries to understand and manage elements from within society to provide moments and found institutional structures or systems which will contribute to the modification of some given aspects of society.

 

 

Arte Útil [Useful Art]

Useful Art aims to transform some aspects of society through the implementation of art, transcending symbolic representation or metaphor and proposing with their activity some solutions for deficits in reality. Most Useful Artis structured as a long-term project and the way it operates is dictated by the practical impact of their strategies. Useful Art practices try to address the levels of disparities of engagement between informed audiences and the general public, as well as the historical gap between the language used in what is considered avant-garde and the language of urgent politics, science and other disciplines.

Bruguera created the Useful Art Association in January 2011 to provide a platform to meet, exchange ideas, and share strategies on how to deal with the issues of implementing the merger of art into society. The association will work in an open manner through discussions, printed texts, actions groups, and public events examining what it means to create Useful Art.

 

 

Long-Term  Project
A long-term project is a work method that tries to fall within social dynamics and, therefore,makes use of social tempo for production and for the implementation of the project.

Long-term projects are best experienced when the audience incorporates into the process and the dynamics generated by the project, demanding a larger commitment from them than when experiencing art works on a more passive and purely artistic context. Very frequently these works are experienced in a fragmented way when the project is larger than the commitment from the audience or because of the natural progressive evolution of the project. They may also be seeing it out of context due to inaccessibility of the project or if seeing a posteriori.

 

 

Political
 Timing Specific
A work method in which the piece is linked to and depends of the political circumstances existing in the moment it is made or exhibited. It is a type of work created to exist at a specific political moment and, therefore, once the moment goes by, the piece loses its potential political impact and tends to become a document of a specific political moment. The political moment informs the piece making it a structure that must adapt to the evolution of the political events and their interpretations.